Diagnostics of temporomandibular joints (TMJ)

Temporomandibular joint is a mobile connection between the mandible and the cranium. This joint is one of the smallest but also one of the most complex joints in the human body.

Temporomandibular joints are a part of the so called cranial mandibular system. This system consists of teeth, maxilla and mandible, masseter muscles and temporomandibular joints.

The most important functions of cranial–mandibular system are chewing and speaking.

TMJ disease symptoms:

  • gnashing
  • tinnitus
  • pains
  • restricted mobility of joints
  • inflammatory condition

Joints diseases:

  • muscle pains
  • overloads
  • inflammations
  • articular disk shifts
  • blockade
  • excessive mobility (dislocation)
  • hemorrhage
  • deformation

Reasons for the ailment:

  • dentition disorders
  • incorrect teeth position
  • too high or too shallow filling, crowns, bridges, dentures
  • teeth gaps within the rear section
  • teeth extractions
  • long lasting dental treatment
  • operations under general anaesthesia with excessive joints overload
  • accidents
  • incorrect posture with load of the cervical spine region and the shoulders
  • bad physical condition and stress

Examination at the specialized dentist's: TMJ is the only joint which is not treated by orthopaedists but by stomatologists or maxillofacial surgeons.

Methods used for diagnosing:

  • clinical examination with X-Ray
  • analysis of tooth and maxilla models
  • computer tomography
  • arthroscopy

Treatment possibilities methods:</strong></span><br />&bull;

  • physiotherapy (heat&ndash;cold compresses)
  • medications (rarely applied)
  • painkillers and antibiotics
  • application of rails, occlusal correction
  • different type of medical conduct (polishing, prosthetic restoration, orthodontic or surgical treatment)
  • psychosomatic therapies